United Nations: A total of 415 million people moved out of poverty in India within just 15 years, from 2005–2006 to 2019–2021, the UN said on Tuesday, highlighting the remarkable achievement by the world’s most populous nation. The latest update of the global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) was released by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) at the University of Oxford.
It said that 25 countries, including India, successfully halved their global MPI values within 15 years, showing that rapid progress is attainable. These countries include Cambodia, China, Congo, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Morocco, Serbia, and Vietnam.
The report noted that deprivation in all indicators declined in India, and “the poorest states and groups, including children and people in disadvantaged caste groups, had the fastest absolute progress.”
According to the report, people who are multidimensionally poor and deprived under the nutrition indicator in India declined from 44.3 percent in 2005–2006 to 11.8 percent in 2019–2021, and child mortality fell from 4.5 percent to 1.5 percent. India was among the 19 countries that halved their global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) value during one period—for India, it was 2005–2006 to 2015–2016. In April, India surpassed China to become the world’s most populous nation with 142.86 crore people, according to UN data.